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Types of Payment Systems: All You Need to Know

Types of Payment Systems: All You Need to Know

Traditional banks impose an immense number of requirements and conditions while customers are not willing to waste several weeks dealing with bank issues. As a result, alternative – payment systems – found its way to the market.

Online commerce is growing dynamically worldwide: dozens of online stores are emerging daily, all in need of arranging online payments. And that’s when payment systems come to aid.

In this article, we will talk about payment systems, their types, and who can benefit from them.

What is a payment system

Payment systems are companies licensed to provide financial services. They enable online payments. If you intend to offer services globally, a payment system account would be a perfect solution.

Who needs payment systems

The major advantage of payment systems is the speed of their operations. Bank transfers may take a business day or even 3 to 4 days. With the use of modern technologies, payment systems can boast immediate transactions.

Payment systems are of particular interest to business owners. They are eager to globalize and sell their goods and services on the Internet using online settlements. Buyers are also interested in payment systems as they enable easy and quick payment.

Basic types of payment systems

There are a number of features by which payment systems are classified into several types. Looking at the financing instruments, experts break up payment systems into the following groups:

  • Those using smart cards – a separate account is set up for each one, and the cardholder is able to carry out legal transactions online (make payments and account to account transfers, etc.)
  • Virtual payment systems operating e-money. This type of settlements is popular with users working in the online domain and also with customers of online shops operating via accounts set up in domestic or overseas banks
  • If one considers the financial transaction parties, payment systems are divided into:
  • Bank systems – only lending institutions participate (settlements are made between banks)
  • Inter-entity systems – they are designed for settlements between different companies. Both cash and non-cash can be involved in the transactions.

The simplest classification is domestic and international payment systems. International systems such as Visa and Mastercard operate worldwide, while domestic payment systems are established within a specific country to ensure the security of national settlements.

Besides, payment systems can be divided into several types depending on the functionalities and scale of operations:

  • National payment systems enable payments and settlements within the country
  • Central bank payment systems are in charge of interactions between banks and their own units
  • Private payment systems operate without the involvement of state capital

EMIs and PSPs. What are those?

EMI (Electronic Money Institution) is an entity authorized to issue electronic money and enable payments associated with e-money.

Payment Service Providers (PSPs) are payment entities participating in the financial market and acting under the Law on Payment Services and Electronic Money. These entities are authorized to carry out payments in keeping with their registration and licensing conditions.

A payment entity’s function is to provide financial intermediation for client payments. Payment entities constitute a channel of cash flows that do not belong to them.

Opening a payment system account is easier, quicker, and more efficient than a traditional bank account. SBSB specialists are highly experienced in setting up accounts in payment systems. We will help you choose the optimum payment system for your business. If you have any questions, do not hesitate to contact us via our Telegram chat for a free consultation.

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